The sesamoid is a small bone under the ball of the foot. It can become strained in repetitive activities that place pressure on the ball of the foot or involve repeated upward flexion of the big toe. Sesamoiditis is inflammation and pain as a result of this.
The diagnosis of sesamoiditis is made based on the location of the pain and on the type of activities that make it worse. There is also pain when pressure is applied to the sesamoid, especially on the inside part of the ball of the foot.
Special footwear such as an insole or arch support that minimises movement of the joint at the base of the big toe may be prescribed. At First Step Clinic we design and produce bespoke made to measure insoles and padding to support the affected areas.
Pain may increase. In some cases the sesamoid can become fractured.